意群阅读(Reading in thought groups)一个好的阅读者在阅读过程中眼睛的移动是从一个意群到另一个意群；而普通阅读者阅读时眼睛从一个单词移动到另一个单词。避免把一个单词读出来，即使在脑子里读出一个单词而不出声也很浪费时间。
E.g. (The little boy Johnie ) (had been up) (with a packet of mints) (and said) (he wouldn’t go out to play) (until the post had come.)
运用上下文的线索理解生词(using context clues for word meanings)
a. The harbor is protected by a jetty-a wall built out into the water.
b. Jane is indecisive, that is, she can’t make up her mind.
a. He had a wan look. He was so pale and weak that we thought he was ill.
b. I am a resolute man. Once I set up a goal, I won’t give it up easily.
a. The door was so low that I hit my head on the lintel.
b. Mark got on the motorbike, I sat behind him on the pillion, and we roared off into the night.
a. Just before the exam Carl’s hands shook and sweated so much that he could not hold a pen. His heart beat fast and his stomach ached, even though he knew the subject very well. He really had a strange phobia about taking tests.
a. Select any of these periodicals: Time, Newsweek, Reader’s Digest or the New Yorker.
b. She is studying glaucoma and other diseases of the eye.
a. Jane was talking with others while Eliza remained reticent all the time.
a. The hot-air balloon took off. It was as buoyant in the air as a cork in water.
un-, im-,-less, -ness, -ion, -ist
寻找主题句，掌握段落主要思想。(look for the topic sentence and master the main idea)
识别逻辑词(recognizing signal words)
and, furthermore, more than that, also, likewise, moreover, in addition, what is more, for instance, for example,
although, however, on the contrary, but, in spite of , nevertheless, yet, otherwise, despite
first, second, third, and so on, then, after, before, next
as a result, for, thus, because, for this reason, so ,therefore, as since, consequently
as a result, finally, therefore, accordingly, in shout, thus, consequently, in conclusion, so, in brief, in a word